当前位置:高等教育资讯网  >  中国高校课件下载中心  >  大学文库  >  浏览文档

上海交通大学:《微生物学 Microbiology》课程教学资源(双语课件)Lecture 8.1 Regulation of Gene Expression(Overview、Regulation of Enzyme Activity、Transcriptional level regulation)

资源类别:文库,文档格式:PDF,文档页数:25,文件大小:3.02MB,团购合买
I. Overview of Regulation 8.1 Major modes of regulation II. Regulation of Enzyme Activity (Posttranslational level regulation) 8.2 Noncovalent enzyme inhibition 酶活的非共价抑制 8.3 Covalent Modification of Enzyme 酶的共价修饰 III. DNA-Binding Proteins and Regulation of Transcription by Negative and Positive Control (Transcriptional level regulation) 转录水平调控
点击下载完整版文档(PDF)

上浒充通大¥ SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY 40 TONG 1896 1920 1987 2006 When,where,how much should protein be synthesized? Lecture 8-1 Regulation of gene expression CHAPTER 8 in BROCK BIOLOGYOFMICROORGANISMS Chen Feng TONG UN School of Life Science and Technology Shanghai Jiao Tong University Email:cf2001@sjtu.edu.cn http://micro.sjtu.edu.cn

1896 1920 1987 2006 Lecture 8-1 Regulation of gene expression When, where, how much should protein be synthesized? Chen Feng School of Life Science and Technology Shanghai Jiao Tong University Email: cf2001@sjtu.edu.cn http://micro.sjtu.edu.cn CHAPTER 8 in BROCK BIOLOGY OF MICROORGANISMS

上游充通大¥ SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY 1896 1920 1987 2006 What is true for E colf is also true for elephant,only more so acAI11A00AV/八I/rnc wwwwwn

1896 1920 1987 2006 What is true for E. coli is also true for elephant, only more so

上游充通大 SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY Example:Can E.col/cells choose different kinds of foods? If glucose and lactose are Growth on both available,E.coli will lactose Glucose utilize glucose first. exhausted Only after all glucose has been used up,can lactose be used as carbon source. Only after glucose has been llao anneley Growth on used up,B-galactosidase glucose will be produced B-半乳糖 苷酶 0 1 2 3 4 Time(h) 02012R Diauxic growth on a mixturelof glucoseianddactose3iotech

CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech. Example: Can E. coli cells choose different kinds of foods? If glucose and lactose are both available, E. coli will utilize glucose first. Only after all glucose has been used up, can lactose be used as carbon source. Only after glucose has been used up, -galactosidase will be produced -半乳糖 苷酶 Diauxic growth on a mixture of glucose and lactose

上浒充通大学 SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY TONG I.Overview of Regulation 8.1 Major modes of regulation Regulation is the change in amount and activity of proteins(enzymes) Scarce protein-10 copies Abundant protein-100,000 copies Rate of synthesis of proteins can change over 1000 fold range Activity change of enzymes CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech

CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech. I. Overview of Regulation 8.1 Major modes of regulation Regulation is the change in amount and activity of proteins (enzymes) • Scarce protein-10 copies • Abundant protein-100,000 copies • Rate of synthesis of proteins can change over 1000 fold range • Activity change of enzymes

上浒充通大淫 SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY Major Modes of Regulation Two major levels of regulation in the cell: One controls the activity of preexisting enzymes Posttranslational regulation Very rapid process (seconds) 。 One controls the amount of an enzyme Regulate level of transcription Regulate translation Slower process (minutes) CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech

CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech. Major Modes of Regulation Two major levels of regulation in the cell: • One controls the activity of preexisting enzymes • Posttranslational regulation • Very rapid process (seconds) • One controls the amount of an enzyme • Regulate level of transcription • Regulate translation • Slower process (minutes)

The product of gene A is enzyme A,which is synthesized constitutively and carries out its reaction.Enzyme B is also synthesized constitutively but its activity can be inhibited.The synthesis of the product of gene C can be prevented by control at the level of translation.The synthesis of the product of gene D can be prevented by control at the level of transcription Regulate Regulate enzyme synthesis enzyme activity At translation At transcription Substrate Product No product Enzyme A Enzyme B No enzyme Translation 1米 No mRNA Transcription 米 ene

An overview of the mechanisms that can be used in regulation The product of gene A is enzyme A, which is synthesized constitutively and carries out its reaction. Enzyme B is also synthesized constitutively but its activity can be inhibited. The product of gene A is enzyme A, which is synthesized constitutively and carries out its reaction. Enzyme B is also synthesized constitutively but its activity can be inhibited. The synthesis of the product of gene C can be prevented by control at the level of translation. The product of gene A is enzyme A, which is synthesized constitutively and carries out its reaction. Enzyme B is also synthesized constitutively but its activity can be inhibited. The synthesis of the product of gene C can be prevented by control at the level of translation. The synthesis of the product of gene D can be prevented by control at the level of transcription

上游充通大¥ SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY II.Regulation of Enzyme Activity (Posttranslational level regulation) 8.2 Noncovalent enzyme inhibition酶活 的非共价抑制 CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech

CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech. II. Regulation of Enzyme Activity (Posttranslational level regulation) 8.2 Noncovalent enzyme inhibition 酶活 的非共价抑制

上游充通大学 SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY 8.2.1 Feedback inhibition反馈抑制 Feedback inhibition Starting material occurs primarily in the regulation of entire Enzyme A biosynthetic pathways First intermediate The activity of the first Enzyme enzyme of the pathway is inhibited by the end Second intermediate product,thus controlling Enzyme production of end Third intermediate product Enzyme End product

CHEN FENG,School of Life Sciences and Biotech. 8.2.1 Feedback inhibition反馈抑制 Feedback inhibition occurs primarily in the regulation of entire biosynthetic pathways The activity of the first enzyme of the pathway is inhibited by the end product, thus controlling production of end product

Mechanism:Allostery变构 Enzyme Allosteric site Substrate-binding site An allosteric enzyme Allosteric Substrate effector has the Active site, Conformational change in substrate-binding site; Enzyme reaction where the substrate enzyme reaction proceeds inhibited binds,and the Allosteric site,where Substrate the inhibitor binds cannot bind reversibly.活性位点 No enzyme reaction Enzyme reaction 与变构位点

Mechanism: Allostery 变构 An allosteric enzyme has the Active site, where the substrate binds, and the Allosteric site, where the inhibitor binds reversibly.活性位点 与变构位点

Mechanism:Allostery变构 Enzyme Allosteric site Substrate-binding site When the effector Allosteric Substrate effector combines with the Conformational change in substrate-binding site; Enzyme reaction enzyme reaction allosteric site,the proceeds inhibited conformation of the enzyme is altered so Substrate cannot bind that the substrate can no longer bind. No enzyme reaction Enzyme reaction

Mechanism: Allostery 变构 When the effector combines with the allosteric site, the conformation of the enzyme is altered so that the substrate can no longer bind

点击下载完整版文档(PDF)VIP每日下载上限内不扣除下载券和下载次数;
按次数下载不扣除下载券;
24小时内重复下载只扣除一次;
顺序:VIP每日次数-->可用次数-->下载券;
共25页,试读已结束,阅读完整版请下载
相关文档

关于我们|帮助中心|下载说明|相关软件|意见反馈|联系我们

Copyright © 2008-现在 cucdc.com 高等教育资讯网 版权所有