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上海交通大学:《微生物学 Microbiology》课程教学资源(双语课件)Lecture 17.1 Diversity of Bacteria(The Proteobacteria)The Phylogeny of Bacteria、Phototrophic, Chemolithotrophic, and Methanotrophic Proteobacteria、Aerobic and Facultatively Aerobic、Delta-and Epsilonproteobacteria

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I. The Phylogeny of Bacteria • 17.1 Phylogenetic Overview of Bacteria II. Phototrophic, Chemolithotrophic, and Methanotrophic Proteobacteria • 17.2 Purple Phototrophic Bacteria • 17.3 The Nitrifying Bacteria • 17.4 Sulfur- and Iron-Oxidizing Bacteria • 17.5 Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria • 17.6 Methanotrophs and Methylotrophs III. Aerobic and Facultatively Aerobic Chemoorganotrophic Proteobacteria • 17.7 Pseudomonas and the Pseudomonads • 17.8 Acetic Acid Bacteria • 17.9 Free-Living Aerobic Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria • 17.10 Neisseria, Chromobacterium, and Relatives • 17.11 Enteric Bacteria • 17.12 Vibrio, Aliivibrio, and Photobacterium • 17.13 Rickettsias V. Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria • 17.17 Myxobacteria • 17.18 Sulfate- and Sulfur-Reducing Proteobacteria • 17.19 The Epsilonproteobacteria
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上泽充通大¥ Shanghai Jiao Tong University 1896 1920 1987 2006 Lecture 17-1 Diversity of Bacteria:The Proteobacteria 503 Chapter 17 in BROCK BIOLOGY OF MICROORGANISMS I JIAO TONG UNIV Chen Feng School of Life Science and Technology Shanghai Jiao Tong University CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU 1896 1920 1987 2006 Lecture 17-1 Diversity of Bacteria: The Proteobacteria Chapter 17 in BROCK BIOLOGY OF MICROORGANISMS Chen Feng School of Life Science and Technology Shanghai Jiao Tong University

C UN I.The Phylogeny of Bacteria 17.1 Phylogenetic Overview of Bacteria Deferribacter Cytophaga Flavobacteria Spirochetes Planctomyces/ Pirellula Verrucomicroblaceae Green sulfur bacteria Deinococci Green nonsulfur Chlamydia bacteria Cyanobacteria Thermotoga Actinobacteria Gram-positive bacteria Firmicutes and Mollicutes Thermodesulfobacterium Nitrospira Aquifex See Figure 17.2 Proteobacteria 2012 Pearson Education.Inc. Some major phyla of Bacteria based on 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence comparisons. CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU I. The Phylogeny of Bacteria • 17.1 Phylogenetic Overview of Bacteria Some major phyla of Bacteria based on 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence comparisons

The Bible of microbiologists-Bergey's Manual伯杰氏手册 e22e Bergey's Manual of Systematie Bacteriology eee S E CO ND EDI TION Figure 9.82 David H.Bergey,the originator of Bergey's Manuals.The Volume One The Archaea and the Deeply Branching first Bergey's Manual was published in and Phototrophic Bacteria 1923.In 1936 he set up an educational trust to which all rights and royalties Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology- from the Manuals would be transferred for preparing,editing,and publishing 1sted1923伯杰氏细菌学鉴定手册 future editions,as well as providing Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology-2nd funds for research to clarify problems arising in the process.This nonprofit ed2001伯杰氏细菌系统分类学手册 trust ensures that Bergey's Manal will be a self-perpetuating publication. CHEN

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU The Bible of microbiologists-Bergey’s Manual伯杰氏手册 • Bergey‘s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology- 1 st ed 1923伯杰氏细菌学鉴定手册 • Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology-2 nd ed 2001伯杰氏细菌系统分类学手册

The Second Edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 5 volumes: Volume 1-The Archaea,and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria古生菌,深分支细菌和光 合细菌 Volume2-The Proteobateria变形杆菌 Volume 3-The Low G+C Gram-Positive Bacteria Volume 4-The High G+C Gram-Positive Bacteria Volume5-The Planctomycetes泛霉状菌,Spirochaetes螺旋 体,Fibrobacteres丝杆菌,Bacteroidetes拟杆菌, and Fusobacteria梭形杆菌 CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU The Second Edition of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 5 volumes: Volume 1- The Archaea, and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria古生菌,深分支细菌和光 合细菌 Volume 2- The Proteobateria 变形杆菌 Volume 3- The Low G+C Gram-Positive Bacteria Volume 4- The High G+C Gram-Positive Bacteria Volume 5- The Planctomycetes泛霉状菌, Spirochaetes螺旋 体, Fibrobacteres丝杆菌, Bacteroidetes拟杆菌, and Fusobacteria梭形杆菌

The Deinococci and nonproteobacteria Gram negatives异常球菌和G-非变形杆菌(Vol.1 and Vol.5) Aquificae and Tgernitigae)产液菌门和栖热袍菌门 Deinococcus-.Thermus异常球菌-栖热菌 Photosynthetic Bacteria光合细菌 Vol.1 -Phylum Chloroflexi绿屈挠菌门 - Phylum Chlorobi绿硫杆菌门 - Phylum Cyanobateria蓝细菌门 Phylum Planctomycetes浮霉状菌门 Phylum Clamydiae:衣原体门 Phylum Spirochaetes螺旋体门 Vol.5 Phylum Bacteroidetes拟杆菌门 CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU The Deinococci and nonproteobacteria Gram negatives异常球菌和G-非变形杆菌(Vol.1 and Vol.5) • Aquificae and Tgernitigae产液菌门和栖热袍菌门 • Deinococcus-Thermus异常球菌-栖热菌 • Photosynthetic Bacteria光合细菌 – Phylum Chloroflexi绿屈挠菌门 – Phylum Chlorobi绿硫杆菌门 – Phylum Cyanobateria蓝细菌门 • Phylum Planctomycetes浮霉状菌门 • Phylum Clamydiae衣原体门 • Phylum Spirochaetes螺旋体门 Vol.5 • Phylum Bacteroidetes拟杆菌门 Vol.1

The Proteobacteria变形杆菌(Vol.2) 。Class alphaproteobacteria a变形杆菌纲 。Class Betaproteobacteria B变形杆菌纲 。Class Gammaproteobacteria y变形杆菌纲 Class Deltaproteobacteriaδ变形杆菌纲 。Class Epsilonproteobacteria s变形杆菌纲 CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU The Proteobacteria变形杆菌(Vol.2) • Class alphaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Betaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Gammaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Deltaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Epsilonproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲

Bacteria:The Low G+C Gram Positives (Vol.3) Class Mollicutes(the Mycoplasmas)柔膜菌纲 (支原体) 。Class Clostridia梭菌纲 Class Bacilli芽孢杆菌纲 -Order Bacillales芽孢杆菌目 -Order Lactobacillales乳杆菌目 CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU Bacteria: The Low G+C Gram Positives (Vol.3) • Class Mollicutes (the Mycoplasmas)柔膜菌纲 (支原体) • Class Clostridia梭菌纲 • Class Bacilli芽孢杆菌纲 – Order Bacillales芽孢杆菌目 – Order Lactobacillales乳杆菌目

Bacteria:The High G+C Gram Positives (Vol.4):Actinomycetes Suborder Acitnomycineae放线菌亚目 Suborder Micrococcineae微球菌亚目 Suborder Corynebacterineae棒杆菌亚目 Suborder Micromonosporineae小单胞菌亚目 Suborder Propionibacerineae丙酸杆菌亚目 Suborder Streptomycineae链霉菌亚目 Suborder Streptosporangineae:链孢囊菌亚目 Suborder Frankineae弗兰克氏菌亚目 ·Order Bifidobacteriales双歧杆菌目 CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU Bacteria: The High G+C Gram Positives (Vol.4): Actinomycetes • Suborder Acitnomycineae放线菌亚目 • Suborder Micrococcineae微球菌亚目 • Suborder Corynebacterineae棒杆菌亚目 • Suborder Micromonosporineae小单胞菌亚目 • Suborder Propionibacerineae丙酸杆菌亚目 • Suborder Streptomycineae链霉菌亚目 • Suborder Streptosporangineae链孢囊菌亚目 • Suborder Frankineae弗兰克氏菌亚目 • Order Bifidobacteriales双歧杆菌目

Proteobacteria变形杆菌门 A major lineage (phyla)of Bacteria Includes many of the most commonly encountered bacteria最常见的细菌类群 Most metabolically diverse of all Bacteria Chemolithotrophy,chemoorganotrophy, phototrophy最具代谢多样性的细菌类群 Morphologically diverse All are Gram negative -Divided into five classes分为六个纲 Alpha-,Beta-,Delta-,Gamma-,Epsilon-,Zeta- CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU Proteobacteria 变形杆菌门 – A major lineage (phyla) of Bacteria – Includes many of the most commonly encountered bacteria 最常见的细菌类群 – Most metabolically diverse of all Bacteria • Chemolithotrophy, chemoorganotrophy, phototrophy最具代谢多样性的细菌类群 – Morphologically diverse – All are Gram negative – Divided into five classes分为六个纲 • Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, Gamma-, Epsilon-, Zeta-

The Proteobacteria变形杆菌门(Vol.2) 。Class alphaproteobacteria a变形杆菌纲 。Class Betaproteobacteria B变形杆菌纲 ·Class Gammaproteobacteria y变形杆菌纲 Class Deltaproteobacteriaδ变形杆菌纲 Class Epsilonproteobacteria s变形杆菌纲 Class Zetaproteobacteria CHEN FENG,MICROBIOLOGY,SJTU

Chen Feng, Microbiology, SJTU The Proteobacteria变形杆菌门(Vol.2) • Class alphaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Betaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Gammaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Deltaproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Epsilonproteobacteria 变形杆菌纲 • Class Zetaproteobacteria

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